Principles of Civil Aviation: Impact of Aviation on the Environment

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To date, the climate impact of air transport has focused on CO2 emissions. However the focus is shifting to also include other climate effects, primarily nitrogen oxides and water vapor. Biological diversity is affected by airline operations in different ways.

The issue of climate change

Flight in itself affects biological diversity to a limited extent through emissions, primarily of nitrogen oxides. Other aspects include facilities and the use of airports, which, depending on geographic location and by utilizing large areas, can affect water, flora, fauna and nearby residents.

Airlines purchase services from airports with private or public investors. Every new construction or other change in ground use requires authorization from local authorities. Biological diversity is normally an approval aspect. This vision is to be realized through a combination of new technology, more efficient air traffic management, new fuels and coordinated actions to improve the infrastructure and the conditions under which air transport operates. To achieve this vision, IATA and other areas of the airline industry have agreed on a joint target, which will subsequently be adopted by the entire airline industry and is now set to be further developed by ICAO:.

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Sustainable development is crucial for the society and SAS intends to be at the forefront of bridging the gap to sustainable aviation. The environmental goals will lay the foundation for ensuring that SAS will be sustainable in the long-term. Its 47 Parties include all EU member states.

The few accredited observers are bound by confidentiality agreements exposing them to unlimited financial liabilities. Furthermore, the media have no access to the meeting agendas, let alone the meetings themselves, nor are they at any point briefed on policy developments. Strictly adhering to the confidentiality rules, EU governments refuse to release even their own submissions to the meetings.

Transparency is a fundamental principle of democracy and good governance. Citizens have the right to know how their governments take decisions affecting their lives.

The Aarhus Convention is built on this very principle, and the governments of France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Spain, Sweden and the UK are blatantly breaching it by withholding information from the public. Robust decision-making that involves all members of society is essential now — possibly more than ever before — as humanity needs to find solutions to the climate crisis.